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Games

Game Engine VS Game Framework

There is often a degree of confusion lurking around them. Just like most modern that no longer have absolute definitions, there are also some technical words that don’t have any hard boundaries defined when it comes down to their definitions. And hence, the confusion. Though both of them are a part of the game development glossary,

Brief History

Before game engines came into existence, games were written as a single entity; which means, if you wanted to build another game, you had to rewrite almost entire codes again. There were a lot of other concerns as well while writing games. Sometimes the games were designed from the bottom up to optimally use the display hardware. Any attempts to create data-heavy designs, which an engine needs, were sabotaged by the memory constraints. The codes of most of the games had to be thrown out and could not be used for the development of new games. It was because of such constraints, that games in the 80s were hard-coded and had smaller graphics data and a lower number of levels.

After the golden age of arcade video games, the video game companies adopted a common practice of developing an in-house game engine that could be used with other software. The term game engine rose in the 1990s, with the rise of 3D games like First-person Shooting (FPS) Games. The games like Doom and Quake became so popular that instead of writing the entire codes from scratch, the designers licensed the core parts of the game and built their own graphics, characters, and levels on top of them.

To understand what a game engine and a game framework is, let us first understand what a game library is.

Game Library

Game libraries are various data and codes that are compiled and intended for reuse. Libraries are programs that are written by the developers that can be called by the developer on demand. Libraries can have different functions and can be written for all purposes separately like a math library would provide functions and calculations like vectors and matrix for mathematical purposes. Just like that, an image library has the function of providing and writing images in the desired formats like jpeg or png as and when required.

Game Framework

A game framework is a couple of libraries that are put together. With the help of the right tools and the right kind of frameworks, you can start creating a game. All the libraries come together in a framework to resolve an issue or to complete a task. They help overcome the difficulties of making and writing a game. A game framework speeds up the game development work. Not only that

  • A good framework can also offer you a good community support
  • It includes physics and collisions to speed up the development process

Game engine

A game engine typically saves a lot of effort of the game developers and gives them a lot of bandwidth to work on the other aspects of the game. To optimize the development of video games today, a game engine consists of a collection of software or APIs which include the game loop or a 2D or 3D rendering engine.

In addition to all the game frameworks and libraries that a game engine has, 2 crucial things that it must have are:

  • Scene graph
  • A world/level editor

Some of the components of a game engine are:

  • Rendering engine
    It is either by using one of the methods like rasterization, ray-tracing, etc. Rendering engines are built on one or multiple rendering APIs like Vulkan, Direct 3D, or OpenGL. There are certain libraries that are created to get access to input devices such as a mouse, keyboard, network card, sound cards, and joystick. Software renders were used earlier before the hardware-accelerated 3D graphics came into play. Software rendering is still used for rendering still images where real-time performance (FPS- Frames Per Second) is given a lower priority to visual accuracy.
  • Audio engine
    This component of the coding library consists of the various algorithms that load, modify, and manage the output of sound through the sound system at the listener’s end. The most basic functions that the codes are written must perform are to be able to load the sound/ audio files, decompress them, and then play them on the sound system available. Some of the most advanced systems produce pitch adjustments, oscillations, Doppler effect, echos, etc.
  • Physics engine
    This engine is meant to simulate the laws of physics as realistically as possible within the game. It is used to simulate the Colossians and the physical force, acting on everything that is present in the game. This engine is at work in all the games since every action has a motion and a result that has to be stimulated by this physics engine.
  • Artificial engine
  • The codes for this engine are written by some of the specialists who have adequate knowledge. This is also because this engine is mostly specific to the game that it is created for. It is also extensively used in games where agents in the game need to find paths. Navmesh or navigation mesh is used to speed up the behavior.

One can build an engine on a framework, however, you can never build a framework on an engine. A framework comprises lower-level libraries that you can use to build or workaround for individual tasks like sound, graphics, etc. They are designed to do perform the tasks that are common in games.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Mobile Game Development – 2020

A Step-by-Step Guide to Mobile Game Development

Today, mobile gaming apps have become a massive part of our life. Since the last decade, we have witnessed an evolution in the gaming industry and apps. We are surrounded by all types of apps that provide us some of the other services, but gaming apps remain the most widely used apps.

Mobile gaming has become a profitable market for many leading global companies in the world. From Clash of Clans to Candy Crush, many games tell exciting stories. The games have undergone tremendous changes in the quality of graphics, sound, and speed.

The mobile game development industry uses advanced technologies to achieve such high-end gaming quality and provides a rich user experience with interactive user interfaces. With the increased use of mobile devices for gaming purposes, companies need to develop games to understand the mobile game development process to create a brilliant game. 

Earlier, mobile games used to be monotonous and simple. There wasn’t much scope for the user to do anything else in the game. The games fall into a few major categories, such as racing games, shooting games, etc. But, with the advancement of technology, Mobile game development has touched a whole new level. Now, a game offers many interactive activities to the user, such as customizing characters, making communities, and communicating with people from all over the world, sharing game stats, and much more. 

These gaming apps offer you an excellent way to keep yourself engaged and help businesses to monetize on it. As gaming apps have taken the world by storm, it is essential to know how to create a successful game.

Types of gaming apps a developer can make

If you are new in the gaming industry, here are the few types of games that you can consider:

  1. Puzzles
  2. Casual games
  3. Platform games
  4. Arcade games
  5. Multiplayer games
  6. FPS (First-person shooter) games

Equipment required for game development

When you plan to develop a game, the first thing that you need is hardware, software, frameworks, and coding. Here is what you need:

  • Computer system: Without a computer, you cannot create any games or applications. You need computers to install game engines. Make sure that you read the compatibility and specification of the game engine before installation.
  • Smartphones: While developing a mobile game, you will need the smartphone to test your game’s compiled coding. It is to make sure your game runs smoothly on your desired platform.
  • App developer account: An app developer account is required to submit your gaming app in the App Store or Google Play Store. You can add updates to make the necessary changes in the game and keep the app relevant.
  • Gaming assets: While developing a game, you will need landscapes, music, characters, and many more assets to create a unique game. 

How to create a profitable mobile game?

Here are the steps to develop an excellent mobile game:

  • Game Idea:

An idea is the foundation of every game. To develop a successful and aesthetic game, you need an out-of-the-box idea for the gaming app. A unique idea can increase the chances of the game being a huge hit. When we talk about a unique idea, it does not necessarily mean that you have to have a complex science-fiction concept for the game. It can be as simple as popular games like Flappy Bird. Only the idea needs to be engaging and exciting so that the user will want to play it. You can always add new twists and turns to the idea later in the game. 

An example of a unique but simple idea is Candy Crush. It is just a matching-grid game with unique features and story behind it, making it addicting and exciting for many users worldwide. 

  • Interesting Story:

Games are most certainly a leisure activity. However, if you want your game to be relevant for a long time, you need to give the users a purpose to play the game. 

A story behind the game keeps the users engaged for hours when they play the game. The character of the game must have a purpose to fulfill. Is it to beat a monster? or to collect the coins by running endlessly? You have to decide on a story that attracts the audience.

  • Concept of the game:

The concept of the game depends on the following points:

  • Game Rules: You must decide upon the rules the players follow to reach the game’s goal.
  • Settings of the game: This depends on two key points; story and aesthetics. The story or the idea behind the game is essential, and it sets the scene for the user to play the game. You need to decide what has happened and what will happen when a user plays the game. Aesthetics stands for the feels of the game. The special effects such as graphics, background score, and sounds make the game aesthetically pleasing for the user. For example, a user would rather play candy crush than a classic match-the-grid game because Candy Crush is aesthetically pleasing. 
  • Technology: Decide the devices you want to run your game and the features you will use.
  • Interaction- You must decide on the following points:
  • How will users interact with the game or the character?
  • How to control the game or the character?
  • How will the game utilize the screen space?
  • Mobile platform:

It is essential to determine the mobile platform you want to use for your game; Android, iOS, or Windows. Most users have an Android-based smartphone, so it is a tough choice between the three. The choice depends on your budget. If you choose a single platform, you might lose a considerable chunk of iOS users. If you want your game to reach a broad audience, you should go for multi-platform game development.

The best way to make the right decision is to research your target audience and the platform that suits you.   

  • Pick a mobile game engine:

The game engine is a platform on which you will develop the game. Hence, it is essential to choose a suitable game engine.

How to choose a game engine?

Your chosen game engine must have the features that you need to develop the game. 

  • Templates: Game templates enable you to make changes in the game like music, background, characters. In some game engines, you can’t change the game mechanics.
  • Drag and drop: This feature comes with a couple of actions to apply to the game. It saves you time.
  • Scripting: Visual scripting enables you to do the coding without writing it. It involves creating nodes that determine the action in the game. 
  • Coding: It is the pillar of the game. It gives you control over the app. Coding can be simple and complex, depending on what you want to include in the game. 

Let us now look at the game engines that you can use to develop a mobile gaming app.

Best mobile game engines to consider

The following are some of the game engines that you can use to developing games for many devices like mobile and consoles: 

  1. GameSalad
  2. GameBuilder Studio
  3. Unity
  4. BuildBox
  5. ClickTeam Fusion 2.5
  6. Stencyl
  7. Unreal

For more information about game engines https://developerhouse.com/top-10-best-game-engine-for-beginners/

Develop a game design document

This document contains all the details about the elements of the game. A game design document will all significantly impact the game’s working, and you can even change it later as per the requirements. 

Design game structure and create the game wireframe

When you develop a game, your ultimate goal is to earn through the game. The game needs to have stunning graphics and scenes to achieve that. The game structure involves elements like characters, the landscape, the quality and texture of all the objects, and much more. You can use 2D or 3D designing to give your game the desired aesthetics to attract the audience. 

A game wireframe is the outline of the app. It is a basic prototype of your game that you can use to determine how your game will look and feel. Before you develop the game, a wireframe is required to provide a visual guide. 

Develop the mobile game and start game testing

Once the game prototype is passed, you can start to develop the game. Take care of all the features you want to include and the platforms you will use to release it. 

Once the game is ready, testing is required to ensure there are no game errors before you launch it in the market. You can test the game with a beta version. Users can play the game on different devices, and the feedback will guide you to make improvements in the game. 

Monetization strategy


While creating a game, the purpose of a company is to earn through the game eventually. It is how you can use monetization strategies:

  • In-app purchases: An in-app purchase is the basic monetization strategy of earning money through a game. You can sell various elements like characters, tools, and much more.
  • Advertisements: You must have come across the adverts in many apps. They can be an irritation for the user; however, they help the developer earn money.
  • Premium games: The app stores have many games that have paid versions that a user can buy to access many exciting features that usually aren’t available in the free version of the game.

Conclusion:

Mobile game development is a complex process, and developers need to take care of many things before creating the game. We have mentioned everything that you might need to make a successful gaming app.  

Top 10 Best Game Engine for Beginners

Top 10 Best Game Engines for Beginners

You must have heard of the term “game engine” but do you know what it means. To know it better, you must have an understanding of the purpose of game engines.

The definition of a game engine is that it is an architecture that creators use to design a game. An average game engine gives creators the ability to add things such as physics, scripting, artificial intelligence, input, collision detection, rendering, and other programs.

Game engines are renewable elements that creators use to develop the system of the game. It provides the developers more time to concentrate on the distinct components such as models of characters, the interaction of objects, textures, etc.

The Best Game Engines for You – Top 10

In this article, we have mentioned the top 10 best game engines for a beginner that meet various criteria like budget-friendly, great tutorials, and licensing-friendly. Let’s have a look at them.

1. Unity 3D

Unity 3D Game Engine

Unity 3D is an all-inclusive platform for game development. It has received great recognition from the community of game developers with its unusual attributes, affordable rates, and sturdy abilities. With its capability to perform as a multi-platform game development mechanism, it saves the time of the developers that would have been spent in creating games for discrete platforms. Also, it lets the developers create interactive 3D content easily.

Many developers use Unity 3D for its tremendous benefits, quality content, and it can be used for almost all types of games. Its best thing is that it is the Personal Edition which is free to download.

Unity 3D’s programming language is C#, and all the creation is performed at the discretion of the developer. The other selections of languages are Boo, Javascript, and Python. However, the user has to learn the Unity scripting API, no matter whatever programming language has been selected.

Best for:

  • 3D action games

  • 2D space games

Notable titles:

  • Lara Croft Go

  • Pillars of Eternity

  • Her Story

  • Kerbal Space Program

Pros Cons
Full 3D / 2D Support Monthly fees of the professional edition
Easy to use The 32-bit engine which occurs loss in memory
Efficient support Low-quality movie textures
Excellent visual platform
Cost-efficient

2. Construct 2

  • Construct 2 is a strong engine that is created especially for 2D-based HTML5 games. It uses a WYSIWYG drag-drop interface for the development of the game. It has various plug-ins, special effects, and other tools for creating a game in a few hours.

Construct 2 provides a free trial at first but its license can also be bought; however, revenue cannot be earned from a free license. With a distinct license for $129.99, anyone can earn around $5,000 as revenue from the development even before subscribing to a professional license that costs around $429.99.

The event system of Construct 2 lets you have a deep and detailed control on all the areas of the game. Events can be put in an order with sheets, groups, loops, functions, and sub-events to make the coding area of the game more efficient.

Best for:

  • 2D games

  • Mobile devices

  • Mac- Linux- Windows

Notable titles:

  • The Next Penelope

  • Airscape: The Fall of Gravity

  • Cosmochoria

  • CoinOp Story

  • Mortar Melon

  • Super Ubie Land Remix

  • Hungry Hal

 

Pros Cons
Built-in physics system Windows editing
Community support HTML depends on the browser’s performance
Requires little knowledge for programming Limited free version support
One-time cost Regular crashes
Easy animations Unreliable access to resources
Free version available
Runs well on the mobile device
Rapid creation
Support of Cordova

3. Unreal Engine

Unreal engine by Epic Games is one of the most famous and commonly used game engines. Its first version was released in 1988, and after 17 years, it still is being used for some of the extensive games each year.

Every feature of the Unreal Engine’s set of tools is created to make content creation easy, qualifying artists and creators to develop everything through photorealistic sets to highly presented content, all in a special effect environment. It also gives developers a highly interchangeable, sizeable, and considerable system that involves full source access to codes.

Unreal Engine consists of numerous set of APIs and tools created for developers to use physics and power NVIDIA PhysX. The engine has integrated multiplayer linking, animation tools, Sequencer editor, special effects, foliage and terrain editors, powerful scripting, and much more.

Best for:

  • PC

  • Console

  • VR and AR platforms

  • Mobile

Notable titles:

  • Gears of Wars series

  • Mass Effect series

  • Bioshock series

  • Batman: Arkham series

     

    Pros Cons
    Better characteristics for various graphics A requirement of a licensed copy
    Numerous tools and functionality Not for creating simple games
    Efficient and faster Unsuitable for a single person
    Best optimization
    Visual debugging
    Easily Modifies

4. Cocos Creator


Cocos creator is a multi-platform that assists the API, the authentic structure, and lets users use scripting languages like JavaScript & CoffeeScript Developers can create games for Linux, Mac, and windows in addition to mobile operating systems such as Android, iOS, and Windows phone, and static for example, Windows 8, Win32, Mac OS x, and Linux.

Cocos creator on JavaScript/HTML5 sets graphics API OpenGL ES which improves the output of the application on the device.

Among its various benefits, one is that users do not have to spend money on the licensed version because it is completely free of charge. It has multi-platform functioning with the MIT license and is assisted by the community of users. This is why developers can access their games at any time.

Best for:

  • 2D adventure game

  • 2D MMO strategy

  • 2D casino

  • 2D social network game

Notable titles:

  • Badland (Cocos2d-x)

  • Castle Clash

  • Big Fish Casino

  • Dragon City Mobile

     

    Pros Cons
    Completely Free Lack of ability to make 3D games
    Supports Facebook Instant Games Ineffective platform support
    Supports Google Play Instant
    Cross Platform
    Supports HTML5 games

5. BuildBox


BuildBox is simple for creating games thanks to its instinctive design and attributes like drag-and-drop assets and assigning properties in the game. These features make it one of the fastest tools for games available.

In actual, the game David Reichelt’s Colour Switch that owns about 200 million downloads on mobile phones was created just in a week using BuildBox. The engine requires basic conditions to operate and can be run on Windows 7 with only 1 GB of RAM. So, you won’t need expensive software to start designing amazing games.

The engine has various licensing alternatives such as BuildBox Plus for $15 a month. The games made with the software are not entailing, so you can make as many games as you want with a single license. It even lets users export the game to various platforms; however, that depends on the license used.

Best for:

  • 3D equipment and skills

  • 2D action game

  • 2D survival horror

Notable titles:

  • Shadow maze

  • Blast breaker

  • Stairs

     

    Pros Cons
    Easy to learn Expensive
    Drag-drop editor Subscription model
    Various game templates Restricted by limitations
    Support for ads Balancing problems
    Publish on all platforms

6. Stencyl


With Stencyl, you easily get the hang of the coding where you can utilize a drop-drag interface and build game logic within a few hours. In this engine, creating worlds and designing characters is simpler if users have knowledge of image editors like Photoshop. Photoshop lets users design complex worlds in an easy way.

The designers of this software have made it a public domain recently which makes it possible to fix issues and perform improvements. Stencyl continuously gets upgraded to enhance the level of compatibility.

The starter pack of Stencyl is completely free but the most expensive license is available for $199 a year. It is regarded as the best choice for cost-conscious developers.

Best for:

  • 3D Action

  • 3D wrestling

  • 3D dance

Notable titles:

  • Super Dangerous Dungeons

  • WRASSLING

  • Duke Dashington

  • Impossible Pixel

 

Pros Cons
Editing supported Limited potentially
Cross Platform Complex Actions


7.
GameSalad

Gamesalad is a free and drag-drop game developing engine for the creation of iPhone, HTML5, Android, and iPad games. The engine is also functioned by a complicated structure library to authorize creative liberty for game developers.

Gamesalad’s one of the most used attributes is its tool of testing and the built-in previewer that can be used to test the game logic and sets of behaviour. Its web issuing framework lets for fast and simple multi-platform publishing to assisted targets that include iPhone, Nook, Mac desktop, iPad, Kindle, and Windows. Additionally, creators can also publish games to HTML5-powered Gamesalad Arcade.

Best for:

  • 3D Puzzle video game

  • 3D racing video game

  • 2D/3D Survival horror game

Notable titles:

  • Bumps

  • Running wild

  • Zombie drop

  • Pros Cons
    Multi-platform The poor performance of the editor
    No-code editor No Scripting language
    Various publishing platforms Expensive
    Powerful functions and editor
    Easy publishing
    Drag-drop editor

8. GameMaker Studio 2


GameMaker Studio 2 is one of the great software for beginners with a tiered licensing scheme. It uses its own programming language that is called as Game Maker Language, and it is the same as writing Python.

The disadvantage is that the prices of tiers are not as affordable as other game engines. It offers premium features under $100 license, and you can only develop games for Windows/ Ubuntu/ Mac platforms.

It has both good and bad features, depending on the users. The good attributes are special effects studio, built-in editing of graphics, models, levels, etc. If the developer wants to make everything from the start without third-party tools, it is a perfect choice. However, for scripting support, the language is not fast like C++ but it is easy to grasp.

Best for:

  • 2D Platformer

  • 3D Shoot ‘em up

  • 2D Adventure game

Notable titles:

  • Spelunky

  • Hotline Miami

  • Super Crate Box

  • Hyper Light Drifter

     

    Pros Cons
    Fast prototyping Bad scripting language
    Easy interface HTML5 is buggy
    Optimized engine Expensive
    Much more tutorials Unstable
    Customizable Small development team
    Huge community

9. RPG Maker


RPG Maker is a 2D creative game engine oriented toward action games and some other genres as well. This platform has released several games over a period of 10 years and has basically used Ruby as the code source for scripting.

The recent version of RPG Maker changed the core script code to JavaScript to lower the needs to give out the RTP with finalized examples and delivered native transportation across a huge set of systems to incorporate iOS, OSX, and Android.

The game engine is created to let users design a complete game from scratch even if they don’t have any idea about programming. The RPG series let users personalize each aspect of the game with a simple interface, thereby making it ideal for beginners.

Best for:

  • 2D adventure games

  • 2D visual novel

  • 2D action adventure

Notable titles:

  • Venaitura

  • Villnoire

  • Towards the stars

  • Notes from province

  • Moondust

  • What’s left

    Pros Cons
    Intuitive WYSIWYG editor Manual coding
    Active community No hardware accelerate
    Provides depth to developers No 3D support
    Cheap license Inconsistent visual assets
    Wide map layers
    HTML5 export
    Multi-platform

10. AppGameKit


App Game Kit is a multi-platform game engine that is capable of creating games for iOS, Windows, Android, Blackberry, and Mac devices with smart usage of Windows or Mac development environments. This game engine costs about $79.99 and comes with several useful tools such as a visual editor.

It is a mobile friendly, 2D/3D game engine. It is programmed basically using AGK script that is a primary dialect with a few C++ style attributes. This search engine is the outcome of a successful Kickstarter campaign and is a result of the game creators, who formerly created 2D game maker and dark basic.

App Game Kit is also an easy-to-learn game creator engine which is ideal for beginners. It focuses on fast coding, creating apps, and sharing them on various platforms.

Best for:

  • 2D action

  • 2D/3D adventure

Notable titles:

  • Echoes III

  • Rush to adventure

  • Eduguru English

  • Eduguru Maths

  • Spellr

Pros Cons
Testing on various devices Not so good Scripting language
HTML5 supportive Bad editor code completion
Multi-Platform Can be expensive
Basic programming No add-on game tools
Fast compilation
Easy development
Powerful scripting language
Integrated Development Environment
High performance and excellent documentation

Conclusion
Getting started with game development engines is easy with any of the above-mentioned game engines as it only requires a little time and effort. With various options of game engines available in the market, you get a lot of resources that will help you to come up with the desired outcome.

While writing this article, we came across the best functions those game engines give us. However, conclusively, Unity 3D is the best platform for developing 2D/3D games and it is surely worth giving a try. Do not forget to pour in your experiences though!

List of Open Source Game Engine for Android

(Updated) List of Open Source Game Engine for Android Platform

Open Source Game Engine for Android

Open Source Game Engine for Android

Summary:

In this article i am going to tell you about 3 open source game engine which i have used to make Games / Live Wallpaper for android platform.

Continue Reading

Get our new game Rickshaw Racer Extreme on Google Play


The new game has better graphics then the first game new Levels,new Obstsacles,new Rickshaws

Rickshaw Racer Extreme is second version of the game Rickshaw Racer.It’s a fun based Rickshaw Racing game
you can choose you own rickshaw ,Unlock them and use it in the game by completing levels Rickshaw will be unlock and the same happens to Levels
New level will be added soon till then enjoy the game & unlock all Rickshaw

There are many obstacles in the game like breakable meteor Platform ,Pressing machines , Roll Over platform and many more

NOTE 1: Game is totally free but some items can be unlocked by purchasing if you don’t want it please turn off the IAP in Options
Music: www.bensound.com

 

Main Menu

Menu

 

Download it from Google Play https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.developerhouse.rickshaw

Flying Birds made with Cocos2d-x

Title: Flying Birds
Platform: Android 2.3+
Description: Once upon a time there was a Bad Man who have Locked group of birds in a Cage . Fly your first green bird who have escaped from the Bad Man’s cage
Protect your-self from Forks & escape yourself from branches.Remember Bad Man’s army of birds are on there way to get you back in the cage but don’t worry
you have got your-self some power ups which will help you to escape
Collect berries -> get 3 more birds which can destroy all things
Collect Star    -> get invisibility no one will catch your for 4.0 Seconds
Collect Coins   -> get Score for each coins and buy other birds from the cage
How to Play:
Touch to fly ,Leave touch to get low…
How to unlock Birds:
Click on bird (not Lock) check requirement .
Full fill the requirement and select your bird.
Screenshot:

PlayStore URL:
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